Fruit Bearing Plants of the Galapagos Islands
Interesting wild fruit bearing plants, animal species and active volcanoes off the coast of Ecuador, The Galapagos Islands, are renowned for their wide diverseness.
Fruit Bearing Plants
Below are some of the few native wild species on these Ilands.
The Espino, Scutia Pauciflora, is a small spiky bush that grows primarily on the desert parts of the Islands, on inhospitable looking beaches. However, it can occasionally grow up to 1.5-2 meters high.
Scutia Pauciflora leaves are small and a few. It is hard to see them because in some way, in the hot sun, the leaves are curled up up and not readily noticeable.
The fruit of the plant is a sour red or brown fruit edible to both native finches but also human visitors.
The native Tomato Lycoperiscon chessmanii, is a small, bushy annual, with typical tomato growth habit. Plants may reach 1-1.5 meters in height This wild tomato is indigenous to the Islands.
Lycoperiscon chessmanii leaves are small and ruffled up. Flowers are small and numerous.
The tomato fruit is small, somewhat like the currant tomato. It matures to a yellow-orange color with a thick skin. Fruit is edible, with a good, flavor. Fruits mature quickly, in 50-60 days and seem to enjoy hot weather in order for the fruit to set.
fruit propagation of Lycoperiscon chessmanii is by seed. Grow in full sun. Tolerant to saline conditions. The plant is a member of the Solanaceae family the genus Lycopersicon.
The native Pepper Capsicum galapagoense, is another of the shrubby plant that can grow as high as 1.5 meters but generally smaller. This is a perennial in most areas, very uncommon and rare wild pepper, indigenous to the Galapagos Islands. It is closely related to all of the common wild and cultivated pepper species.
Capsicum galapagoense leaves are generally small, hairy, pleasantly aromatic and ornamental. Flowers are small and plain white.
The pepper fruit is little, red at maturity, pea sized and very hot to the taste.
The plant can be a challenge to bring to full fruiting. Fruit is edible but the plant is quite uncommon and is typically grown by collectors.
Plant propagation is by seed but is very slow to germinate. The Galapagos Island Pepper favors somewhat warm temperatures and a protected from cold but also from intense heat location. Capsicum galapagoense is a member of the Solanaceae family the genus Capsicum.
Fruit Bearing Plants, Galapagos Islands
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