Fruit and Nuts
Fruit and nut trees are special and unlike vegetables they will produce for a lot of years with a better return on effort than anything else in the garden.
In addition to fruit and nut production these trees can be value for shade, timber and as a support for climbing plants. Their crops are good sources of minerals, vitamins, protein and fats and make the perfect snacks for kids.
While the planting location of a tree is highly important for a successful production of fruit and nuts, when selecting a fruit tree or a nut tree from your local nursery, some additional factors you should consider are:
tree shape and size
taste, texture and use of fruit
time of harvest season
disease and pest resistance.
Multi-Grafted trees are an alternative for small gardens where space is limited and several types of fruit are desired.
Trees provide great ecological, economic and cultural values.
A Garden with Fruit Trees and Nut Trees is a Fulfilling, Meaningful and Worthy Undertaking.
Fruit and Nut Tree Enthusiasts
Backyard orchardists are generally small-scale agriculturists of rare and exotic fruit and nut trees and/or plants. However, some of their growing methods and innovative practices are uniquely suited to both the small-scale enthusiast and the commercial grower.
Sugar Apple | Sweetsop – Annona squamosa
Sugar apple, Annona squamosa, also known as Sweetsop and Custard-apple (custard apple is another plant in the same genus, Annona reticulata). The plant is an indigenous, fruit bearing tree, of the tropical Americas, India and Pakistan. It is a small semi-evergreen tree reaching 6-8 meters in height.
Annona squamosa leaves are alternate, simple, oblong, 5-17 cm long and 2-5 cm wide. The flowers are yellow-green with spotted purple bases, born in bundles of 3-4, each flower 1.5-3 cm across, fragrant with three outer large petals and three minute inner ones.
Sugar Apple Fruit
Sugar apple fruit is commonly round to pine cone-like, 6-10 cm diameter with a lumpy skin, weighing around 100-230 g. There are fruit variants in shape and size. The fruit flesh is slightly granular, sweet, white to light yellow, and resembles and tastes like custard and with a very definite, sweet-smelling scent. Blackish-brown seeds are scattered through the fruit flesh. Seeds are bitter and poisonous.
Sugar Apple Propagation Methods
Tree propagation is by seed. Seeds keep well for 3 to 4 years. However, they germinate better a week after removal from the fruit than when absolutely fresh. Germination could take 30 days or more. Sugar-apple is the most widely cultivated of all the species of Annona, being grown widely throughout the tropics and warmer subtropics. It is quite a productive bearer and will produce fruit in as little as two to three years. Five year old trees can produce as many as 50 Sugar-apples.
Annona squamosa is a member of the family Annonaceae the genus Annona. Fruit production can be poor where natural pollinators are few in which event hand pollination with a natural fiber brush must be used in order to increase yield. Annona squamosa will do well in most types of soil but requires good drainage as water-logging is intolerable.
Sugar apple, Annona squamosa
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