Fruit and Nuts
Fruit and nut trees are special and unlike vegetables they will produce for a lot of years with a better return on effort than anything else in the garden.
In addition to fruit and nut production these trees can be value for shade, timber and as a support for climbing plants. Their crops are good sources of minerals, vitamins, protein and fats and make the perfect snacks for kids.
While the planting location of a tree is highly important for a successful production of fruit and nuts, when selecting a fruit tree or a nut tree from your local nursery, some additional factors you should consider are:
tree shape and size
taste, texture and use of fruit
time of harvest season
disease and pest resistance.
Multi-Grafted trees are an alternative for small gardens where space is limited and several types of fruit are desired.
Trees provide great ecological, economic and cultural values.
A Garden with Fruit Trees and Nut Trees is a Fulfilling, Meaningful and Worthy Undertaking.
Fruit and Nut Tree Enthusiasts
Backyard orchardists are generally small-scale agriculturists of rare and exotic fruit and nut trees and/or plants. However, some of their growing methods and innovative practices are uniquely suited to both the small-scale enthusiast and the commercial grower.
Siberian Pea Shrub | Caragana – Caragana arborescens
Siberian Pea Shrub, Caragana arborescens, also known as Caragana, is a large, thorny multi-stemmed deciduous shrub. It reaches 6 meters high, 4 meters wide and grows some 40 cm per year. It is generally grown throughout the northerly hemisphere as a landscaping plant and ornamental. The plant is indigenous to Siberia and parts of China and neighboring Mongolia.
Caragana arborescens has alternate, evenly pinnate, compound leaves, 7-12 cm long, ovate to ovoid, silky when young, with each leaf composed of eight to twelve oval attractive leaflets. The plant flowers in late springtime, flowers are yellow, small and fragrant, partially hidden by the foliage, followed by many pods. Flowers have a taste like peas and can be used in salads to add color and some flavor.
Siberian Pea Shrub Fruit
The shrub bears cylindrical and slender pod fruits, 4-5cm long which contain, slightly bitter, tasting ‘pea like’ edible seeds, 3-4 to a seed pod. The seeds produced are edible but must be cooked, as are the young pods.
Siberian Pea Shrub Propagation Methods
Plant propagation is by seed. Cultivars by cuttings or grafting. It is a winter-hardy, to -40°C, drought-tolerant, tolerant of salt, long-lived and a leguminous good fixer of nitrogen plant. Its extensive root system that can be used to aid with erosion control. It provides fodder for bees which produce a pleasantly, slightly ‘fruity’ taste, honey. It makes a very hardy hedging and wind shelter-belt tree.
Caragana arborescens can grow well on a range of soils; however, it doesn’t do well on very dry, sandy soils or wet soils. It favors a full sun place and well-drained soil. Caragana arborescens is a member of the family Fabaceae the genus Caragana.
Siberian Pea Shrub, Caragana arborescens
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