Sandalwood – Santalum spicatum

Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum, is the name for many aromatic woods and their essential oil. There are some 25 varieties of trees in India, Malaysia, Australia and eastern Polynesia. They are hemiparasitic trees in the genus Santalum of the Santalaceae family.

Australian Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum,  a hemiparasitic tree necessitates a host tree to grow. It binds itself to the roots of its host tree providing the attainment of water supply and other nutrients it requires. Sandalwood like most significant food crops has a healthy appetite for nitrogen; its needs can be met by totally organic means.

Acacias, which are leguminous plants (biologically create nitrogen), can be employed as host trees. The sandalwood plainly steals the nitrogen as the host tree develops it. Blossom color is commonly a brick red. Leaves can be narrow.

Sandalwood Fruit and Nuts

Fruit color could range from brown to red. Most fruit has inferior flavor and texture of a cardboard box. Orchards that farm Sandalwood will be solely the source of the nut kernels. These are first-class eating, a truly Australian nut tree for every back yard. The nuts have high oil content and potentially have multiple purposes. There are important organic pharmaceuticals in the Sandalwood nut.

Sandalwood has forever been one of Australia’s highest prized crops sourced from the wild and still does bring in millions of dollars of export revenue. To develop commercially worthy sandalwood with high levels of scent oils, harvested santalum trees have to be at minimum 40 years of age, but 80 or above are favored. However, inferior sandalwood produced from trees at 30 years old could still bring a respectable price attributable the demand for genuine sandalwood.

The timber is important for the essential aromatic oils extracted from. Sandalwood oil is all-important for the manufacture of quality perfumes; contain anti-bacterial pharmaceuticals that are specific to it.

Sandalwood Propagation Methods

The Sandalwood tree appears to inherit the features of the plant populations they were sourced from and therefore clonal propagation might be essential to get superior cultivars.

sandalwood, Santalum spicatum

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