Sandalwood – Santalum spicatum

By fruit bearing trees
May 25, 2008

Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum, is the name for many aromatic woods and their essential oil. There are some 25 varieties of trees in India, Malaysia, Australia and eastern Polynesia. They are hemiparasitic trees in the genus Santalum of the Santalaceae family.

Australian Sandalwood, Santalum spicatum,  a hemiparasitic tree necessitates a host tree to grow. It binds itself to the roots of its host tree providing the attainment of water supply and other nutrients it requires. Sandalwood like most significant food crops has a healthy appetite for nitrogen; its needs can be met by totally organic means.

Acacias, which are leguminous plants (biologically create nitrogen), can be employed as host trees. The sandalwood plainly steals the nitrogen as the host tree develops it. Blossom color is commonly a brick red. Leaves can be narrow.

Sandalwood Fruit and Nuts

Fruit color could range from brown to red. Most fruit has inferior flavor and texture of a cardboard box. Orchards that farm Sandalwood will be solely the source of the nut kernels. These are first-class eating, a truly Australian nut tree for every back yard. The nuts have high oil content and potentially have multiple purposes. There are important organic pharmaceuticals in the Sandalwood nut.

Sandalwood has forever been one of Australia’s highest prized crops sourced from the wild and still does bring in millions of dollars of export revenue. To develop commercially worthy sandalwood with high levels of scent oils, harvested santalum trees have to be at minimum 40 years of age, but 80 or above are favored. However, inferior sandalwood produced from trees at 30 years old could still bring a respectable price attributable the demand for genuine sandalwood.

The timber is important for the essential aromatic oils extracted from. Sandalwood oil is all-important for the manufacture of quality perfumes; contain anti-bacterial pharmaceuticals that are specific to it.

Sandalwood Propagation Methods

The Sandalwood tree appears to inherit the features of the plant populations they were sourced from and therefore clonal propagation might be essential to get superior cultivars.

sandalwood, Santalum spicatum

Fruit and Nut Trees

Comments: 0

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

  • Cashew fruit and nutCashew fruit and nut
  • Sustainable Garden

    Trees provide great ecological, economic and cultural values.

    A Garden with Fruit Trees and Nut Trees is a Fulfilling, Meaningful and Worthy Undertaking.

  • Olive groveOlive grove
  • Fruit and Nuts

    Fruit and nut trees are special and unlike vegetables they will produce for a lot of years with a better return on effort than anything else in the garden.

    In addition to fruit and nut production these trees can be value for shade, timber and as a support for climbing plants. Their crops are good sources of minerals, vitamins, proteins, fats and antioxidants and make perfect snacks for kids and adults alike.

    While the planting location of a tree is highly important for a successful production of fruit and nuts, when selecting a fruit tree or a nut tree from your local nursery, some additional factors you should consider are:

    tree shape and size
    taste, texture and use of fruit
    time of harvest season
    disease and pest resistance.

    Multi-Grafted trees are an alternative for small gardens where space is limited and several types of fruit are desired.

  • This page is copy protected