Saba nut | Guyana Chestnut – Pachira edulis

Saba Nut, Pachira edulis, is a sub-tropical, tropical nut bearing tree, indigenus to the Amazon River basin, also known as Guyana Chestnut. It is a medium sized fast growing, up to 5 meters tall but much taller in the wild It is a multi stemmed evergreen, grown in many parts of the world.

The Saba Nut is cultivated chiefly for its edible nuts (seeds); however, it also makes a desirable potted indoor plant or outdoor specimen for all coastal and inland climates.

Pachira edulis leaves are bright green, narrow fingered, elliptically formatted. The white, fluffy flowers are large, oddish, shaving brush shaped, very fragrant and ornamental. They are 8-10cm long and self-fertile.

Saba nut Fruit

The fruit of the Saba Nut are large, oval, woody green five-valved pods containing numerous brown, hairy nuts (seeds); that mature usually towards the end of summer. The capsules alter their color and break open open when the nuts are ripe.

The nuts can be consumed raw or cooked. When consumed raw they taste more or less like peanuts while roasted they taste like cashews or chestnuts. Raw nuts can keep for months in a cool, dry place.

Saba Nut Propagation Methods

Tree propagation is by seed or cuttings. It is a very tough plant that is drought and disease tolerant. The plant will do well in full sun to light shade. It needs well drained soil. Nut Production starts within a few years from planting.

The plant makes an ideal food tree and also well worth considering for landscaping. Pachira edulis is a member of the family Malvaceae the genus Pachira.

Saba Nut, Pachira edulis

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