Cloudberry, Rubus chamaemorus, also called bakeapple and dwarf mulberry is an alpine or sub-Arctic slow-growing perennial, 10-30 cm tall, fruit bearing shrub. Cloudberry is a member of the Rose family Rosaceae, the genus Rubus that occur naturally in the Northern Hemisphere from Alaska, cross ways to Canada to Greenland and Labrador. This fruit bearing plant can withstand arctic cold environment of temperatures well under -40°C, but is sensitive to saline and to dry conditions.
Rubus chamaemorus leaves are alternate, bearing 5 and 7 soft, hand lookalike lobes on straight, branch-less stems, 2-8 cm long. The leaves and twigs of Cloudberry are grazed by moose and caribou. The flowers are white, occasionally with reddish tips. Contrary to most Rubus species, the bakeapple does not self-pollinate. Pollination needs plants of both sexes. After pollination raspberry-sized berries are formed.
Cloudberry is the name for both the plant and the edible fruit. Each fruit or berry is composed of 6 to 18 large drupelets. The color is at the start pale red, maturing into a brownish-yellow colour in early autumn. The mature fruits are softish and juicy, rich in vitamin C and have a creamy texture and flavor slightly like yogurt. Cloudberries are consumed fresh or made into jams, juices, tarts, and liqueurs.
Cloudberry Propagation Methods
Propagation is by seeds or rhizomes which can build into extensive berry plots or from cuttings in late springtime and late summertime.
Cloudberry, bakeapple, Rubus chamaemorus
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