Chilean Hazel | Chile Nut – Gevuina avellana
Chilean Hazel, Gevuina avellana, also known as Chile Nut, and in Spanish Avellano, is native of south Chile and Argentina and it t is cultivated and known very little in the northern hemisphere. The name Avellana was decided for comparison to Corylus Avellana, the European Hazelnut tree.
Gevuina avellana is a genus of just this one species. It is an evergreen, broadleafed tree of the family Proteaceae. It grows from sea plane to nearly 700 meters in altitude. The size of it varies from a shrub to a tree 20 meters in height.
Gevuina avellana leaves are leather like, highly variable. Each leaf is compound, either plainly pinnate with just 5 to 10 leaflets, or double pinnate, with as many as 90 leaflets. The total compound leaf could easily measure out more than 60cm in length, and the most oversized individual leaflet can measure 20cm long and 10cm across.
Flowers come along anywhere between July and November. They are on an individual basis small; however they are delivered in plentiful narrow clumps up to 15cm long. They range from creamy yellow to creamy-white but can be greenish or bore upon pink.
Chilean Hazel Fruit and Nuts
Chilean hazel grows dark red cherry like fruit. The fruit has edible, raw or toasted, easily shelled, nuts inside. It is mostly the roasted seed or nut that people favor to eat. Nutritive analysis has shown the nuts contain around and 24 percent carbohydrate 12 percent protein and 50 percent oil.
The highly monounsaturated oil is an ample source of natural antioxidants. The oil is also utilized as a cosmetic component for treatment of skin due to its moisturizing qualities and because is a natural source of Omega 7, Palmitoleic acid.
Chilean Hazel is a serious honey plant for bees. Additional employment of the plant in Chile includes cut foliage for use in floristry. The wood is cream-colored with dark brown streaking and is used in cabinetwork and musical instruments.
The Chile nut favors a sunny position, light acidic soil and regular Irrigation. It takes 5 years from planting to the first harvest and 7 or 8 years for full yields new varieties of bigger yield are being developed in Chile and New Zealand.
Chilean hazel grows well in temperate oceanic climates with cool temperatures where frosts happen normally in winter; is why it has flourished in southern New Zealand. It requires protection from strong winds due to the usual weight of foliage.
Chilean Hazel Propagation Methods
Plant propagation is easily from seed or cuttings. Sowing should be in early autumn. While Chilean Hazel will root easily it is difficult to establish due to the weak root system making it extremely sensitive to transplanting.
chilean hazel, chile nut
Use Sitemap for a Complete List of Articles
Incoming search terms:
- gevuina avellana plants
- chilean nut tree
- hazelnut bush for sale
- chile gevuina for sale
- organic european hazlenut trees for sale
- nurseries that sell chilean hazelnut trees
- hazal nut fruit tree
- gevuina nut tree photos
- gevuina avellana plants sale
- gevuina avellana nursery