Fruit and Nut Trees – Fruit Bearing Plants

Fruit trees, Nut Trees, Edible Nuts and Fruits, Fruiting Vines, Bushes, Shrubs and Berry Plants, Deciduous and Evergreens from Tropical, Subtropical and Temperate Regions


Fruit and Nuts

Fruit and nut trees are special and unlike vegetables they will produce for a lot of years with a better return on effort than anything else in the garden.

In addition to fruit and nut production these trees can be value for shade, timber and as a support for climbing plants. Their crops are good sources of minerals, vitamins, protein and fats and make the perfect snacks for kids.

While the planting location of a tree is highly important for a successful production of fruit and nuts, when selecting a fruit tree or a nut tree from your local nursery, some additional factors you should consider are:

tree shape and size
taste, texture and use of fruit
time of harvest season
disease and pest resistance.

Multi-Grafted trees are an alternative for small gardens where space is limited and several types of fruit are desired.



olive grove

olive grove

Sustainable Garden

Trees provide great ecological, economic and cultural values.

A Garden with Fruit Trees and Nut Trees is a Fulfilling, Meaningful and Worthy Undertaking.

Fruit and Nut Tree Enthusiasts

Backyard orchardists are generally small-scale agriculturists of rare and exotic fruit and nut trees and/or plants. However, some of their growing methods and innovative practices are uniquely suited to both the small-scale enthusiast and the commercial grower.

  • Ozark chinkapin, Castanea ozarkensis, is a deciduous nut bearing tree, growing to 20 meters in height and attaining a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter under ideal conditions. It is a cousin of the chestnut tree and a native to eastern North America of the Southern Appalachian belt. Most of the Ozark chinkapin trees have succumbed to the Chestnut Blight (trees usually develop the blight after 5-6 years) and with only stumps remaining that stay on bearing fruit yearly. Likely, there is an active foundation working to re-establish the tree once again.

    Castanea ozarkensis leaves are 12-22 cm in length, up to 5 cm wide, simple, alternate, elliptical, sharp coarsely serrated, green to yellow-green and hairless on top. The leaf’s underside is paler with a downy appearance and with tiny cream color hairs. Leaves turn yellow in the fall.

    Flowers are small, yellowish, bundled into a spike known as a catkin and can be fetid smelling. Male flowers occur in slender erect spikes 20 cm in length. Female flowers are less conspicuous and occur below male flowers of some spikes or in shorter, groupings of female spikes.

    The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are pollinated by Insects. The tree is in flower in early summertime, and the seeds ripen in autumn.

    Ozark chinkapin Nuts

    Ozark chinkapin nuts are protected by lean, hairy, 2 cm spines that form a protective nut bur. These burs average 4-5 cm in diameter and occur in clusters of 5-20. In autumn the burs split into 2-6 segments, freeing a brown, single, solitary, round, delicious nut. The nuts vary in size from 2 cm to 4 cm in diameter depending on conditions. They may be small but very tasty. They are eaten raw or cooked.

    Ozark chinkapin Propagation Methods

    Plant propagation is by seed and from old tree stumps. The plant prefers a good well-drained slightly acid loam but also does well in dry soils. Once established, it is very drought tolerant and thrives in areas with hot summers. Generally the trees grow on acidic rocky cherty soils. It hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. Castanea ozarkensis is a member of the Fagaceae family the genus Chestnut.

    Ozark chinkapin, Castanea ozarkensis

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  • Argan, Argania spinosa, also known as Moroccan ironwood, is a thorny evergreen, nut bearing tree, native to semi-desert Quet Sous valley of south-western Morocco, between Essaouira and Agadir, and to the Algerian region of Tindouf in the western Mediterranean region. Argan trees grow up to 10 meters tall and capable of living for more than 200 years. The plant is a non-cultivated forest tree, in its native land, but when in cultivation it requires no special attention.

    Argania spinosa has a stubby, often twisted and covered with knobs and knots trunk. Leaves are small, 2–4 cm long, oval and with a rounded apex. The Argan leaves have a high concentration of polyphenols, known for their anti-free radical properties and for the prevention of skin aging. Flowers are small, with five pale yellow-green petals.

    Argan Fruit and Nuts

    The fruit of the Argan tree is green with fleshy exterior similar to that of the olive but larger and rounder. Inside the fruit, there is a nut with an extremely hard shell, which in turn contains one, two or three almond-shaped kernels that contain highly esteemed oil (argan oil). Each nut has to be cracked open to remove the kernels. Seeds are pressed to obtain the expensive and highly useful oil in cooking and cosmetic industry, Fruit takes over a year to mature.

    Argan oil is much like olive oil, slightly darker with a reddish tinge but with similar fat content. It can be used for cooking and is claimed to have various medicinal properties. It is rich in vitamin E, natural squalane, phytosterols and essential fatty acids.

    Argan oil contains:

    • 45% Oleic acid
    • 28% Alpha-linolenic acid
    • 13% Palmitic acid
    • 6% Stearidonic acid
    • 5% Linoleic acid
    • 3% Myristic acid

    Residue from the kernels, after oil extraction, a thick chocolate-colored paste called “amlou“, similar to that of peanut butter in flavor is commonly sweetened and served as a dip or spread at breakfast time.
    Argania spinosa is the perfect plant for a harsh environment as it is highly tolerant and well adapted to extreme drought, high heat, and poor soil conditions. Argan trees serve a dual purpose, were they naturally grow; animal fodder oil production. Foliage and the fruit pulp is often used as food for farm animals.

    Argan Propagation Methods

    Plant propagation is by seed. The tree needs full sun and lime rich soil. The plant is considered to be a Tertiary relic species. Argania spinosa is a member of the family Sapotaceae the genus Argania.

    Argan, Argania spinosa, Moroccan ironwood

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  • Sherbet Tree, Dialium schlechteri, is a tropical, small to medium, 5-15 meters, deciduous, fruit bearing tree, indigenous to forests of Mozambique and eastern South Africa. It is very attractive plant with a dense, rounded crown and smooth, mottled whitish bark.

    Dialium schlechteri leaves are compound, opposite, with 3-6 pairs of leaflets and a terminal one; leaflets are shiny dark green with asymmetric bases and entire margins; lower ones broadly ovate and rounded at the base, the upper ones elliptic and wedge-shaped at the base. Flowers are small, 6-10 mm across and petals are absent. Flowers are born, up to 25, in compact panicles. They have a strong but unpleasant scent.

    Sherbet Tree Fruit

    The fruit of the Sherbet Tree is oval, 2.5 cm long, thin-shelled and smooth red-brown with a dry, orange pulp and 1 or 2, brown, shiny seeds. It is edible, eaten raw, and very popular with Zulu children since it is pleasing to the sense of taste. The pulp is occasionally mixed with water and milk to make a refreshing drink. The brown Sherbet Tree fruit is borne in large numbers from autumn onwards.

    The wood of the Sherbet Tree has a beautiful close grain, a good surface and a fine reddish color. It is hard, heavy and insect-proof. Powdered bark of the Sherbet Tree is used locally as a treatment for burns.

    Sherbet Tree Propagation Methods

    Plant propagation is by seed. Seeds are first soaked, overnight, in warm water. The plant is sensitive to weather cold enough to cause freezing, but does well in frost-free subtropical environments. Dialium schlechteri is a member of the family Leguminosae the genus Dialium.

    Sherbet Tree, Dialium schlechteri

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  • Dwarf Siberian Pine, Pinus pumila is one of the cold hardiest, evergreen, pine nut trees. It is a prostrate plant (similar to mugho pine) but limbs are more robust and able to hold snow without damage. It is a very ornamental tree in appearance. The Dwarf Siberian Pine reaches a maximum height, at maturity, of about 3 meters and 8-10 meters on rare occasions.

    Pinus pumila is found in exposed or above tree line sites from Siberia to Northern Japan at elevations of 1000 – 2300 metres. It will often form extensive thickets in such exposed situations or above the tree line. Leaves are needle-like, formed in bundles of 5, stiff; 6-8 cm long, 1 mm wide and the colour varies from blue to gray green.

    The flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and are wind pollinated. The plant is not self-fertile.

    Dwarf Siberian Pine Fruit and Nuts

    Dwarf Siberian Pine produces edible nuts when 5 – 7 years old. The cones are conical-ovoid or ovoid, 2.5-4.5 cm long with large nut-like seeds (pine nuts). Seeds are dark brown, triangular, 7-10 × 5-7 mm. They are edible, eaten raw or cooked; rich in oil with a slightly resinous flavour and a pleasant soft texture. Seeds are used as condiment.

    Dwarf Siberian Pine Propagation Methods

    Plant propagation is by seed, best to sow in individual pots, in a cold frame, as soon as it is ripe if this is feasible otherwise in late winter. Seedlings should be planted into their permanent spots when they are quite small, between 30 and 60cm.

    The plant requires a coarse type (granular) soil with good drainage to do well but it can survive strong winds and nutritionally poor soil. Pinus pumila is a member of the family Pinaceae the Genus Pinus. The wood is used as a source of charcoal.

    Dwarf Siberian Pine, Pinus pumila

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  • Black Myrobalan, Terminalia chebula, also known as Chebulic Myrobalan, is a large deciduous tree growing to 30-metre tall, with a trunk up to one metre in diameter. The plant grows in sunny forests and thickets. Black Myrobalan is indigenus and found throughout India, in regions up to an altitude of 1,000 meters. It also occurs naturally in the sub-Himalayan part of Nepal, Burma, and Thailand.

    Terminalia chebula leaves are alternate in arrangement, oval, and 7-8cm long and 5-10cm wide with sharp tips. Leaves are bundled towards the end of the branches. Flowers are simple, solitary born in auxiliary spikes. They are monoecious (having male and female reproductive organs in the same plant) dull white to yellow with strong objectionable odor.

    Black Myrobalan Fruit

    Black Myrobalan produces ribbed and nut-like fruits, 2-5-centimetre long and 2-3-centimetre broad, blackish, when mature, with five lengthwise ridges. They are picked when still green and then pickled; boiled with a little added sugar in their own syrup or used in preserves. The fruit yields a black dye used to dye fabric, at least in southern China.

    The seed of the Black Myrobalan fruit is esteemed a universal cure-all in the Ayur-Vedic Medicine and in the Traditional Tibetan medicine. It is regarded as a cure for blindness and it is considered to inhibit the growth of malignant tumours. The kernels are sweet and mildly narcotic. The kernels contain 49 % fatty oil. Its fatty acid composition is quite similar to that of conventional oils with Palmitic acid, linolic acid and oleic acid the main constituents.

    Black Myrobalan Propagation Methods

    Plant propagation is by seed. The fallen fruits are gathered up and dried thoroughly first. Later the hardened flesh is removed. Fermenting of the stones gives the best germination results. Terminalia chebula is a member of the Combretaceae family the genus Terminalia.

    Black Myrobalan, Terminalia chebula

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