Allegheny Chinquapin – Castanea pumila

Allegheny Chinquapin, Castanea pumila, is a shrub or dwarf tree growing to 4-5 meters tall. Chinquapins are bushes and trees of the Chestnut genus Castanea. They differ from the chestnut tree in their hairy foliages and smaller, single-seeded burrs. There is an exeptional small chinquapin, the Georgiana Chinquapin Castanea alnifolia, which is more of a creeping 1.5 meters tall shrub.


They are are known also as ‘chinkapin trees.’ The Allegheny chinquapin, ‘Castanea pumila,’ is widely dispersed throughout the Southeasterly U.S. and it is cold hardy. Georgiana chinquapin is established in huge areas throughout Southern Georgia.

The Allegheny chinquapin favors neutral lands, preferably reasonably uphill. It grows a taproot. The Georgiana chinquapin favors shadowy, friable thickets and spreads out by very large, belowground, shallow roots. Both produce many tasteful nuts on the female trees, and a male is required for pollination.

The native Chinquapin starts to flower in May, and each blossom is white and aromatic and shortly develops into large bundles of Chinquapin nuts.

Allegheny Chinquapin Fruit and Nuts

Allegheny Chinquapin nuts look much like a chestnut seeds but are a lot smaller. The nut tastes same to the native chestnuts that were destroyed by the chestnut blight commencing in 1912.

It is often said that Allegheny Chinquapin nuts have a more flavorsome taste than the contemporary chestnut crossbreeds. The character of the sweet nuts of the Allegheny Chinquapin tree is a complete balance of flavor and palatability. The nuts of the Georgiana Chinquapin bush are as well small but tracked down by deer, game birds, squirrel, and turkey.

The adhesive burr circling the Chinquapin nut is very much resembling a small chestnut, but whereas Oriental and Chinese chestnut burrs contain more than one nuts, The an American, indigenous Allegheny Chinquapin bears only one nut for each one burr.

Planting some Allegheny Chinquapin trees is an outstanding family recreational event that will pay back peckish members once the trees begin to bear nuts.

Allegheny Chinquapin Propagation Methods

Plant propagation is by seed as soon as it is ripe. the plant prefers a good well-drained slightly acid loam but succeeds in dry soils and once established, it is very drought tolerant. Although it is very winter-hardy, this species only really thrives in areas with hot summers.

Allegheny Chinquapin, Georgiana Chinquapin

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